In great condition, this bust is somewhat unusual in that it contains small holes across the top of the cranium which were presumably used for marking out points of interest whilst examining an individuals head. Few examples are found with this particular feature, although a similar example can be found in the Cambridge University History of Science collection. Lorenzo Niles Fowler (1811 1896) was an American born phrenologist who, alongside his brother and sister, became one of the most renowned phrenology practitioners and publishers in the US during the mid-nineteenth century. In 1860, Fowler travelled to the UK to conduct a tour of lectures on the subject which culminated with appearances at the 1862 International Trade Exhibition in London. Shortly after, Fowler emigrated to the UK and set up the Fowler Institute where he taught, lectured and practised phrenology readings.He was a founder of the British Phrenology Association in 1886 which continued to exist until 1967. He died from a stroke whilst on a short return visit to the US in 1896. Jason Clarke Antiques are happy to discuss carriage, condition or for any other queries, alternatively, you can also message me and I will endeavour to come back to you as soon as possible. I have a number of beautiful antiques for sale, so please feel free to browse my other items. The item "VICTORIAN STAFFORDSHIRE PHRENOLOGY HEAD BY LN FOWLER LUDGATE CIRCUS LONDON" is in sale since Monday, May 21, 2018. This item is in the category "Antiques\Science/Medicine\Medical Instruments". The seller is "jason750_1" and is located in newbury, Berkshire. This item can be shipped to United Kingdom.